Mercedes, Halima, Shelby, Emily St
QUESTIONS:
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Period 3 Powerpoint Presentation



What will this page help you find out about South America?

*What are the major landforms in South America and what resources do they gain from them?

*What are the major resources and how do they contribute to the continent?

*How do the people of SA interact with people who do not speak the same language or the same dialect?

*How does the geography affect everyday life in South America?

Grade 9 Humanities
Subject: Geography

Materials:
Laptop, Blank Maps, poster board, enlarged map, initialed game pieces, and Sub-Etha edit

Objective
Students should be able to give each other a perspective idea of the geography in South America. They also should be able to identify and answer the following essential questions.

Questions
*How does the climate affect the ways of living in South America?
The climate is from mild to very hot but with rainfall. Many people living in South America adjust to the climate and the rainfall while others use it to there advantage. For example, farmers plant crops that can survive over watering and not getting water at all.
*What are the major resources and how do they contribute to the continent?
South America's major natural resources are silver, copper, iron, tin and oil. It has brought a lot of money to the continent especially during war times when they need it the most. However, when they start to depend on one export more than the others their industries decline causing political issues.
*What are the major landforms in South America?
Amazon Basin, Andes Mountains, Atacama Desert...

Prepare
Homework- assign groups of three a country and overnight each student is supposed to get geographical facts on that country from the wikispace and have it prepared to present to the class.(mutual facts)

Activity
For the first 15 (fifteen) minutes of class, explain what country’s are in South America, the climate zones, major landforms, and natural resources. The next 10 (ten) minutes should be used to answer the Comprehensive quiz. The remaining 20 (twenty) minutes should be used for the game that we will have prepared.

Assessment
Each student will explain the learning of today’s lesson by taking the 10 (ten) minute Comprehension quiz and playing the game. In the game we have prepared, the students will have to answer questions that will be asked and move each piece until the end.



LANDFORMS

AMAZON BASIN
- In short, the Amazon Basin (Amazonia) is covered by the largest tropical rain forest in the world, and running through its heart is the Amazon River, and its more than 1,000 tributaries, seven of them more than 1,000 miles in length.
Measurable rain falls on an average of 200 days a year, and total rainfall often approaches 100 inches per year.
The overall basin drains over 2,700,000 sq. miles, and covers about one-third of the South American landmass.
Rising high in the Andes, the river's network irrigates almost half of the continent, and in terms of volume of water discharged into an ocean... it's the largest in the world.
101811-Capyburra-in-Amazon-Basin-0.jpg-HALIMAB
ANDES
This toothy-edged, massive mountain system extends from the tip of South America all the way to Panama. It's the source of most major rivers on the continent and is 4,500 miles (7,240 km) in length.
It's home to some of the planet's largest volcanoes, and in the far south along the coast of Chile, large ice sheets are commonplace.
The Andes and its many ranges include dozens of peaks that reach over 20,000 ft., with the highest point being Aconcagua in Argentina, at 22,384 ft. (6,960m).

The Altiplano-Puna-plateau of the central Andes has a semi-arid climate, and eolian landforms are common and well-preserved. (Eolian means formed by wind.) -HalimaB
cotopaxi_maury_lg.jpg
http://images.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http:www.ime-usa.com/media/exp_pic/so_america/Ecuador/cotopaxi_maury_lg.jpg&imgrefurl=http://www.ime-usa.com/imcs/expeditions/so_america/ecuador/index.html&h=378&w=500&sz=32&hl=en&start=19&tbnid=lOLW3tK85AF3gM:&tbnh=98&tbnw=130&prev=/images%3Fq%3Dandes%2Bin%2Bsouth%2Bamerica%26gbv%3D2%26svnum%3D10%26hl%3Den%26safe%3Dactive%26sa%3DG

ATACAMA DESERT
Sparsely populated and running high into the Andes of Chile, this somewhat small desert (or plateau) is a cold place and rainfall is very rare.It's approximately 100 miles wide and 625 miles long. The landscape is totally barren and covered with small borax lakes, lava flow remnants and saline deposits.
Atacama_desert.jpg-HALIMAB

BRAZILIAN HIGHLANDS
This highland region - about 800 miles in length - runs through the Brazilian states of Minas Gerais, Goias, Bahia and Sao Paulo in southeastern Brazil.
The magnificent landscape includes varied mountain ranges, namely the Serra de Mantiquiera, Serra do Paranapiataba, Serra Geral,
and Serra do Mar. The estimated highest point is 7,368 ft (2,245m).

GUIANA HIGHLANDS
A geographically stunning part of Planet Earth, over 1,000 miles in length, the Highlands stretch from southern
Venezuela across the northern edge of South America to the tip of Brazil. It consists of a vast plateau, one marked by deep gorges, tropical rain forests, numerous rivers and waterfalls.
It's famed for the highest waterfall in the world (Angel Falls) at 3,212 ft (979m) high. The highest point is Mt. Roraima on the borders of Brazil, Guyana and Venezuela at 9,219 ft (2,810m).
181689.JPG
http://images.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http:
www.summitpost.org/images/medium/181689.JPG&imgrefurl=http://www.summitpost.org/area/range/227058/guiana-highlands.html&h=375&w=500&sz=53&hl=en&start=5&tbnid=c1CxdImtsdP5WM:&tbnh=98&tbnw=130&prev=/images%3Fq%3Dguiana%2Bhighlands%26gbv%3D2%26svnum%3D10%26hl%3Den%26safe%3Dactive%26sa%3DG

LLANOS
This large and very fertile plain, located in eastern and central Colombia, and central and southern Venezuela,
is drained by the Orinoco River and its many tributaries.
It's approximately 225,000 sq. miles (582,000 sq. km) in size.

PAMPAS
Famed for its many cattle ranches, this large plain in the southern part of the
continent (in central Argentina) extends for almost 1,000 miles (1,600 km), and covers
294,000 sq. miles (761,460 sq km).

PATAGONIA
Located between the Andes and the Atlantic Ocean, and about 1,000 miles in length,
Patagonia stretches south from the Rio Negro River in southern Argentina to Tierra del
Fuego and the Strait of Magellan. It's mostly rugged, barren land,
famed for its beauty and striking sceneryargentina-patagonia.jpgargentina-patagonia.jpg-HALIMAB
argentina-patagonia.jpg

















Deforestation in Amazon Basin destroys the habitat and endangers a multitude of plant and animal species indigenous to the area; there is a lucrative illegal wildlife trade; air and water pollution in Rio de Janeiro, Sao Paulo, and several other large cities;
land degradation and water pollution caused by improper mining activities; wetland degradation;
severe oil spills- HalimaB (CIA World Factbook)

Climate:

The climate varies throughout South America. Along the west coast there is a desert climate. In the Southwest,
there is a humid subtropical climate. In and around the Amazon Basin there is a
Trpoical wet and dry climate that changes with the seasons. In the Andes Mountains there is a highland climate,
meaning a low temperature with frequent snow. Overall, the climate of South America is generally warm.- Emily S.

Rainfall:
Along the coasts and in the Amazon Basin precipitation reaches at least 200 centimeters (80 inches).
In the center of the continent it can rain as much as 25 centimeters (10 inches). The El Nino disaster, tropical winds and rain,
affects much of Latin America. In South America,
El Nino usually hits in December around the time Christmas is celebrated. -Emily S.

Seasons:

The seasons of South America vary by latitude. Between the Tropic of Cancer and the
Tropic of Capricorn the seasons are indistinct. The southern tip of South America,
that which does not lie between the Tropics, is subject to four seasons, with weather ranging
from mild to severe. - Emily S.

HalimaB
World Rank
Country
Population
Area (km²)
Density
147
Ecuador
13,363,593
283,109
47
168
Colombia
42,954,279
1,138,910
37
181
Venezuela
25,375,281
912,050
27
186
Brazil
186,112,794
8,511,965
21
187
Peru
27,925,628
1,285,220
21
188
Chile
16,136,137
756,950
21
192
Uruguay
3,415,920
176,220
19
198
Paraguay
6,347,884
406,750
15
201
Argentina
39,537,943
2,766,890
14
217
Bolivia
8,857,870
1,098,580
8
225
Guyana
765,283
214,970
3
230
Suriname
438,144
163,270
2
232
French Guiana
195,506
91,000
2
237
Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas)
2,967
12,173
0.24
Country/Capital/Is it in Latin America?
Argentina/Buenos Aires/Yes
Bolivia/La Paz/Yes
Brazil/Brasilia/Yes
Chile/Santiago/Yes
Colombia/Bogota/Yes
Ecuador/Quito/Yes
Guyana/Georgetown/No
French Guyana/Cayenne/No
Suriname/Parramaribo/No
Peru/Lima/Yes
Paraguay/Asuncion/Yes
Uruguay/Montevideo/Yes
Venezuela/Caracas/Yes
---ShelbyH




South American Geography

external image south-america-map.gifexternal image 7925-4503.jpg

sanewlnd.gif
























http://worldatlas.com/webimage/countrys/sanewlnd.gif

On the left is a political map of South America. On the right is a physical map of South America.

Works Cited:

"South America Capital Cities." Map. Woolwine-Moen Group. World Atlas. 8 May 2007
<http://www.worldatlas.com>.--ShelbyH
"South American Climate." World Book Online Reference Center. 2007. World Book 8 May 2007
<http://www.worldbookonline.com/> Emily S.
"South American Geography Facts." Library Thinkquest. 8 May 2007
<http://library.thinkquest.org/J002719/samerica.html>. MercedesL
"CIA World Factbook." __CIA World Factbook__. 16 May 2007
     <https://www.cia.gov>. -ShelbyH


La Paz, Bolivia _ _Lima, Peru _ _Santiago, Chile_ _Brasilia, Brazil
http://www.clocklink.com/
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